Even if we consider the length of this river without the Irtysh (3650 km), in any case, it amazes with its enormous scale. This is the widest Russian river. Its width during the flood period reaches 50 km, and at the mouth it reaches 80 km.
In Altai (merger 2 rivers - Bii and Katuni) this great and mighty river is born, and it flows into the great Arctic Ocean along a giant bay (Ob Bay), whose length is 800 kilometers.
The Ob basin is approximately 3 million sq.. kilometers (first place in Russia). The river flows in several channels, therefore crosses different geographic areas of the country. In addition to all, Ob is the most important highway in Western Siberia, on whose waters hundreds of ships and barges sail.
Its total length exceeds 5 000 kilometers.
Description of the river
The Amazon River concentrates more than 40% water resources, located on the South American mainland, and around 20% all fresh waters of the world. Its boundaries extend over the territory 4 states - the source of the Amazon is located in the mountains of Peru at an altitude 5000 m. Endless streams in Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador merge to form the world's deepest river system.
Amazon has more 17 large navigable tributaries, the length of each of which exceeds 2000 km. The most significant tributaries include the following large rivers:
- Rio Negro.
Real facts speak about the scale of the natural greatness of the Amazon - the size of the river basin is comparable to the size of Australia. Total water area, covered by Amazon, approaching the mark 7185000 km2. The absence of droughts along the entire course of the river ensures its regular and voluminous filling with fresh water.
The waterways of the deepest river in the world play an important strategic role in the development of the economies of many states. The Amazon Riverways are used as highways for the transport of forestry and marine products. Hazelnuts are transported along the channels of the reservoir, rubber and rare local wood species.
Drunk completes our list, and not because, that this is a long river. Its length is all 423 km. And therefore, that she is the most sinuous of all, flowing through the territory of Russia. Therefore, people gave her such a name for her "wagging".
However, this generally accepted version of the origin of its name does not stand up to criticism., if you remember history. More ancient Turkic peoples, the first to inhabit this region, were grateful to Mother River for her hospitality and rich table, and a bath. Pi (rich)+mother (mother) - these are the words its name consists of. And the Turks would never dare to call the river drunk - it would be an extreme manifestation of disrespect for the wet nurse.
Piana is the right tributary of the Sura. It owes its attractiveness to the presence of karst lakes in the basin., gaps and caves. Attracts many tourists, each of whom will find a lot of interesting things for themselves in this unprecedented river.
What is the longest and deepest river in Russia?
The answer to this question is ambiguous. The deepest, according to some sources, is p. Yenisei. Its annual flow is 624 cube. km, what compared to the Volga in 3 times more. Yenisei divides Siberia into Eastern and Western. He himself has a length 3487 km, but when included in the river system of the Angara tributary, Selengi (flowing into Baikal) and Baikal itself, its length reaches 5075 kilometers. The length calculated in this way is the second in Russia (after the Ob river).
The name of this river comes from the Evenk "ionesi", meaning "big water".
The deepest river in Russia – this is, certainly, Yenisei. It ranks fifth among the longest rivers in the world.. It divides Krasnoyarsk into two halves.
Tuvinian depression - the birthplace of the Yenisei. It carries its powerful waters across the entire Krasnoyarsk Territory and Khakassia. There is a remarkable obelisk on the Kyzyl embankment - the geographical center of Asia.
The most important feature of the river is the water temperature, persisting throughout the year within +6 degrees. Interesting is the fact, that camels can be found at the source of the Yenisei, and polar bears are often found at the confluence with the ocean. There is another interesting point - the banks of the river are asymmetrical. (the left bank is much lower than the right, almost in 6 time).
The largest in Russia Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP is located on this magnificent river.. The Yenisei is the most important waterway for Krasnoyarsk and the entire region.
List of largest rivers in Eurasia
Water volume, entering the oceans from the rivers of Eurasia is 50% from the whole volume, flowing from the land of the planet. Everything on Earth exists 16 streams, more than 3000 km and most of them flow in Eurasia. Their distribution across the mainland is not the same. Most take place in the north of the mainland, southeast and east Asia. Have their origins in the mountainous areas. Going down to the plains, become more moderate in nature, change their diet, since water supply can come from different sources. Most are powered by precipitation, some are powered by underground sources. Mountaineers get water from melting glaciers. At certain times, small rivers can dry up completely.
65% the collected water goes to the oceans. 35% flows into the inland seas.
Eurasia has one inner basin and four outer:
- Arctic Ocean - Lena (4400 km.), Ob (3650 km.), Yenisei (3487 km.), Pechora(1809 km.). These are water streams with sources in the mountains, most of the current passes through permafrost zones. Feed on, mainly, from precipitation and melting ice.
- Pacific Ocean. Its pool includes: Yangtze (6380 km), Khuankhe (4845), Mekong (4500), Amur (2850). Water is obtained from monsoon rains and is full of water. The largest flow, to 80% from the annual rate, occurs in spring-summer during the melting of glaciers and with the onset of the rainy season. With regard to nutrition, a small exception is Amur, since its volume is significantly replenished due to the right tributary of the Amur Ussuri. The water in the channels during floods can rise up to 20 – 40 m. Floods are the constant companions of such rises., sometimes quite strong, when the entire coastal area is flooded and filled with a thick layer of silt.
- Indian Ocean - Ganges (2700 km), Indus (3180), Brahmaputra (2900), Tiger (1900), Euphrates (2780). Mountain sources, feed on precipitation and melting ice. The Ganges delta stands out for its size, equals 80000 km / sq, largest on earth. Its sleeves begin to form already after 500 km to the ocean.
- Watercourses of the Atlantic Ocean basin are not distinguished by the formation of large systems, their runoff is moderate.
- Internal drainage basin flows pass, mainly in the central regions of the continent. They are relatively short and do not have a large network.. Power is going on, mainly, from underground sources.
The largest inland flows in Eurasia are the Danube (2850 km) and Volga (3530 km). The Danube begins in the Black Forest mountains, where its flow is fast mountainous, but when descending to the plain, it becomes moderate and calm. Crossing the territory of Europe, splitting into small streams enters the Black Sea.
Among European lowland rivers, significant by the volume of water flow and length, Volga has the status of the largest. In the upper reaches, it is full of water due to melted snow, precipitation and river confluence with it, flowing from the Urals and Siberia. In its lower section, the water becomes less, since there is a large consumption of cities. At its mouth, it forms a huge delta of many islands and tributaries and then flows into the Caspian Sea. Another medium-sized stream, passing through the East European Lowland is the Western Dvina, passing through Belarus, Baltic and flowing into the Baltic.
Description to the question The most abundant river in Burma
Russia ranks second in the world (first - Brazil) by the value of the total river annual runoff. The average long-term runoff of all rivers in Russia reaches 4290 km3 per year, what is 13 % from the global annual river flow. So which river is the deepest in Russia?? Below is a list of Russian rivers by volume of annual flow. The table includes rivers with indicators over 10,0 km3 / year. The list includes the main rivers, as well as tributaries of the main rivers. It should be noted, that the volume of the inflow is included in the volume of the main river, to which pool it belongs.
The deepest rivers in Africa, America and India
The second most important deep water system in the world is the African river artery of the Congo.. It is not very long, as many water nodes disappear due to the increased aridity of the climate, prevailing in this territory. Congo has a record depth - 230 m, and this figure exceeds the parameters of some seas. The African high-water river system is known for, that it crosses the equator twice.
Deep Mississippi River
The North American continent also has its own national leader in terms of the volume of water supplied.. It's about Mississippi, whose source begins in the alpine lake Itasca. Good occupancy of the Mississippi is provided by a large number of tributaries, supplying water resources within the water body. Among the tributaries, Ohio is the most famous (by high water content) and Missouri (by lenght). This river system forms America's largest water basin.
Other useful bodies of water in America include the Parana River. (4500 km), supplying water to more than one state of the South American continent. American reservoir Orinoco cannot be compared with deep-flowing giants, but during the period of cataclysms it is distinguished by a critical rise of water in the channels.
The Mekong is considered the deepest river in Indochina., whose length is 4023 km
The importance of this reservoir is invaluable, as it is a powerful supplier of drinking water in the region, where there are problems with compliance with sanitary and hygienic requirements
Ob is the longest river not only in the Russian Federation, but the whole world. Its length is 5410 km. It originates from the source of the Irtysh. The name translates as "grandmother", after all, her age is old, and respect for her is due. Its pool area is almost 3 million. quarter. km.
Besides, there is also an Iranian interpretation, Russian, komi, Khanty Mansi, ненецкая, but they all mean "large", "Big", "Snow".
She is born from the confluence of the Siberian rivers Katun and Biya, and in the north it dissolves in the Ob Bay (this is the name of the bay in the Kara Sea). Obi habitat - Western Siberia. It flows almost parallel to the most abundant river in Russia - the Yenisei.
For the first time the Russians got acquainted with the river in its lower reaches, in the 15th century. In those days, Zyryan guides took merchants and tradesmen across the Ural ridge.. Until that time, how Ermak conquered Siberia, the region was called Obdorsky.
Irtysh - a tributary of the Ob, extending 4248 km. And the river originates from the 688-km-long Katun river, whose source is on the Katunsky ridge, crowning with the 4506-meter Belukha mountain. On its southern slope there is the Gebler glacier, which is the life-supporting water stream. The Arctic Ocean is the last resting place of the great river.
The river basin is very rich in energy reserves. Many coal deposits discovered, peat, whose reserves are about 70% all-Russian reserves. There are large deposits of oil and gas. The Ob is also rich in fish, 50% which is of industrial importance. This and sturgeon, and sterlet, and sig, and muskun. There are also traditional river fish species - crucian carp, pike, perch, nalim, roach.
The river is navigable, the navigation period is about six months. Every year, raw materials are transported along it from the north to other industrial points. This is the only way to transport minerals, therefore, the river is of great strategic importance for the country.
At the same time, the river also supplies hydropower resources through the available hydroelectric power plants: Novosibirsk, Ust-Kamenogorsk and Bukhtarma.